fossilized_logo

Database structure, interface design, and content ©2002-2014 Henry Gilbert
 Map
 History of Prehistory
 Phyloplot
 Geochronological timescale
 Hominin Species Names
 Site List

tool icon legend
Sites with age ranges that overlap or fall within the period from
Ma     Ma  Keyword search: INSTRUCTIONS
~99 years old          
Locality: Piltdown, Sussex, England, Great Britain

(age between 0.0000991 Ma and 0.000099 Ma based on the fact that the specimens are a modern orangutan and a modern human)
~275 years old          
Locality: Ordos, Salawusu, Xarusgol (originally called Sjara-osso-gol and also Salawusu) River, Uxin Qi (Dabqig) County, Inner Mongolia, Mongolia

(age between 0.0003 Ma and 0.00025 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~6,050 years old          
Locality: Wuyang Jiahu, Henan Province, China

(age between 0.0061 Ma and 0.006 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~7,700 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 1 (Exc. 1 1-4d; Exc. 1 1; Exc. 3 1; Exc 5. 1), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.0125 Ma and 0.0029 Ma based on Radiocarbon and U-series)
~17,750 years old          
Locality: Lukenya Hill GvJm-16; GvJm-22; GvJm-46, Machakos area ~ 30 km southeast of Nairobi., Kenya

(age between 0.0185 Ma and 0.017 Ma based on "C14 dating of collagen in bones of associated fauna. Al: c. 17,800 BP(5-UCLA-LJ) on basis of amino acid (aspartic acid) dating of hominid parietal. R.Protsch 1975: 315. R.M.Gramly and G.P.Rightmire 1973.M:Lukenya Hill 1. adult male?: frontale, lt parietale."Akazawa Takeru 2007 Catalog of Fossil Hominids)
~26,500 years old          
Locality: Cova Gran Upper Paleolithic levels, south-eastern Pyrenees in Catalonia, Spain

(age between 0.032 Ma and 0.021 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~27,500 years old          
Locality: Cro-Magnon, Dordogne, France

(age between 0.028 Ma and 0.027 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~28,500 years old          
Locality: Mladec, (Mladeç), Moravia, Czech Republic

(age between 0.031 Ma and 0.026 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~28,500 years old          
Locality: Gorhams Cave Mousterian, Level IV, southern face of Rock, Gibralter

(age between 0.033 Ma and 0.024 Ma based on radiocarbon on charcoal)
~31,500 years old          
Locality: Zafarraya Cave I [3-7], Sierra de Alhama, Spain

(age between 0.033 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~32,500 years old          
Locality: Vindija Cave G1, Silvarsko, Croatia

(age between 0.033 Ma and 0.032 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~33,555 years old          
Locality: Fontechevade, Charente, France

(age between 0.034130 Ma and 0.032980 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~35,000 years old          
Locality: Engis, Awirs Cave (Awir Cave, Avir Cave, Avirs Cave), Liège, Belguim, Belguim

(age between 0.04 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on Biochronology)
~35,000 years old          
Locality: Grimaldi, (Balzi Rossi: Grotta del Conte Costantini, Grotta dei Fanciulli, Grotta dei Fanciulli, Grotta di Florestano, Riparo Mochi shelter Mochi, Grotta del Caviglione, Cave of Caviglione, Barma Grande, Barma Grande, Grotta del Principe, Grotta del Principe), Liguria , Italy

(age between 0.04 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~35,000 years old          
Locality: Cova Gran Mousterian levels, south-eastern Pyrenees in Catalonia , Spain

(age between 0.038 Ma and 0.032 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~36,000 years old          
Locality: Spy, Jemeppe-sur-Sambre, Province of Namur, Belgium

(age between 0.036 Ma and 0.036 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~36,000 years old          
Locality: Saint-Cesaire, (Saint Césaire) Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.036 Ma and 0.036 Ma based on TL)
~40,000 years old          
Locality: Feldhofer Cave, Neander Valley, Germany

(age between 0.04 Ma and 0.04 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~40,000 years old          
Locality: Mungo, Lake Mungo, Australia

(age between 0.042 Ma and 0.038 Ma based on )
~40,000 years old          
Locality: Forbes Quarry, north face of Rock, Gibralter

(age between 0.06 Ma and 0.02 Ma based on rough stratigraphic relationship to dated Vanguard and Gorham caves, also on Gibralter)
~40,000 years old          
Locality: Devil's Tower, north face of Rock, Gibralter

(age between 0.06 Ma and 0.02 Ma based on rough stratigraphic relationship to dated Vanguard and Gorham caves, also on Gibralter)
~40,000 years old          
Locality: Peştera cu Oase or Pestera cu Oase, (Pestera cu Oase), southwestern Carpathian Mountains, Romania

(age between 0.041 Ma and 0.039 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~40,500 years old          
Locality: Zhoukoudian Tianyuan, Zhoukoudian, China

(age between 0.042 Ma and 0.039 Ma based on accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon on human remains)
~40,500 years old          
Locality: Okladnikov Cave, Altai Mountains, Russia

(age between 0.048 Ma and 0.033 Ma based on Radiocarbon and U series)
~40,500 years old          
Locality: Denisova Cave, Altai Mountains, southern Siberia, Russia

(age between 0.046 Ma and 0.035 Ma based on )
~41,000 years old          
Locality: Laibin, Guangxi, China

(age between 0.044 Ma and 0.038 Ma based on U-series)
~41,000 years old          
Locality: Lakonis, Mani, southern Peloponnese, Greece

(age between 0.044 Ma and 0.038 Ma based on C14)
~43,200 years old          
Locality: Baigara, West Siberian Plain, Russia

(age between 0.0434 Ma and 0.043 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~43,500 years old          
Locality: Grotta di Fumane, Fumane Cave, Lessini Hills, north of Verona, Italy

(age between 0.0448 Ma and 0.0422 Ma based on Radiocarbon, ESR)
~43,621 years old          
Locality: El Sidron, Galería del Osario, El Sidrón Cave, Asturias, Spain

(age between 0.045288 Ma and 0.041953 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~44,250 years old          
Locality: Les Rochers-de-Villeneuve, Lussac-les-Ch?teaux, Vienne, France

(age between 0.045 Ma and 0.0435 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~45,000 years old          
Locality: Tabun, Mount Carmel, Israel

(age between 0.05 Ma and 0.04 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~45,000 years old          
Locality: Kebara, Mount Carmel, Israel

(age between 0.049 Ma and 0.041 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~45,000 years old          
Locality: Banyolas or Banyoles, (Banyoles), Catalunya, Spain

(age between 0.049 Ma and 0.041 Ma based on U-series)
~49,000 years old          
Locality: Shanidar, Kurdistan, Iraq

(age between 0.051 Ma and 0.047 Ma based on Radiocarbon)
~49,500 years old          
Locality: Mugharet el Aliya or Caves of Hercules, Cap Ashakar, Morocco

(age between 0.06 Ma and 0.039 Ma based on ESR, Biochron)
~50,000 years old          
Locality: La Ferrassie, Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on various methods)
~50,000 years old          
Locality: Le Moustier, Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on )
~50,000 years old          
Locality: La Chapelle-aux-saints, Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on )
~50,000 years old          
Locality: La Quina, Dordogne Valley, France

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.03 Ma based on )
~50,000 years old          
Locality: La Naulette, Furfooz, Belgium

(age between 0.08 Ma and 0.02 Ma based on Faunal and lithological correlation to the last ice age (Pleniglacial))
~50,000 years old          
Locality: Monti Lessini, , Italy

(age between 0.051 Ma and 0.049 Ma based on unspecified)
~50,000 years old          
Locality: Kanam, Kavirondo Gulf, Lake Victorie, Kenya

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0 Ma based on )
~50,500 years old          
Locality: Taramsan, Nile Valley, Egypt

(age between 0.051 Ma and 0.05 Ma based on )
~50,900 years old          
Locality: Vanguard Cave units, southern face of Rock, Gibralter

(age between 0.06 Ma and 0.0418 Ma based on radiocarbon)
~52,500 years old          
Locality: Mezmaiskaya3d, northwest Caucasus mountains, Russia

(age between 0.070 Ma and 0.035 Ma based on )
~54,500 years old          
Locality: Tam Pa Ling, (TPL) Cave of Monkeys, Pa Hang Mountain, Huà Pan Province, Laos

(age between 0.063 Ma and 0.046 Ma based on C14, OSL, TL)
~55,000 years old          
Locality: Loyangalani (Tanzania), east of Lake Victoria, Tanzania

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.01 Ma based on unspecified)
~55,000 years old          
Locality: Abric Romani Mousterian, Capellades, Spain

(age between 0.070 Ma and 0.040 Ma based on U/Th)
~56,000 years old          
Locality: Salzgitter Lebenstedt, southeast Lower Saxony, Germany

(age between 0.058 Ma and 0.054 Ma based on c14 and OIS correlation)
~56,500 years old          
Locality: Liang Bua cave, Flores, Indonesia

(age between 0.095 Ma and 0.018 Ma based on Radiocarbon, infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL), TL, ESR U-series)
~60,000 years old          
Locality: Amud, Wadi Amud, Hokuk, near Sea of Galili, Israel

(age between 0.07 Ma and 0.05 Ma based on TL)
~62,500 years old          
Locality: Dederiyeh Cave, الباسوطة , Syria

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.025 Ma based on )
~62,500 years old          
Locality: Klasies River Mouth HP deposits, HP deposits, South Africa

(age between 0.065 Ma and 0.06 Ma based on ESR, TL, ESL)
~62,500 years old          
Locality: Zeeland Ridges, North Sea, Netherlands

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.025 Ma based on unspecified)
~66,250 years old          
Locality: Huanglong Cave, Hubei Province, China

(age between 0.105 Ma and 0.0275 Ma based on ESR, U-Series)
~67,500 years old          
Locality: Teshik-Tash, Samarkand, Uzbekistan

(age between 0.125 Ma and 0.01 Ma based on unspecified)
~67,500 years old          
Locality: Abu Hugar, , Sudan

(age between 0.125 Ma and 0.01 Ma based on Late Pleistocene based on fauna. Very imprecise.)
~70,000 years old          
Locality: Sibudu Cave Howiesons Poort layers, Sibudu Cave, South Africa

(age between 0.08 Ma and 0.06 Ma based on )
~70,000 years old          
Locality: Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, near Tashkent, Uzbekistan

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.04 Ma based on Various including U series)
~70,250 years old          
Locality: Porc Epic, near Dire Dawa, Chercher Highlands, Harar Plateau, Ethiopia

(age between 0.080 Ma and 0.0605 Ma based on Obsidian hydration)
~73,000 years old          
Locality: Blombos M1 level, M1 level, South Africa

(age between 0.076 Ma and 0.07 Ma based on Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL))
~74,000 years old          
Locality: Jwalapuram, Jwalapuram Locality 3, volcanic ash quarry, Jwalapuram village area, south of Jurreru River, Jurreru Valley, , India

(age between 0.0741 Ma and 0.0739 Ma based on Youngest Toba Tuff (YTT) well dated at 74 ka)
~75,000 years old          
Locality: Kalambo Falls Sangoan unit, Sangoan unit, Zambia, Tanzania

(age between 0.085 Ma and 0.065 Ma based on U-series)
~82,000 years old          
Locality: Blombos M2 level, M2 level, South Africa

(age between 0.09 Ma and 0.074 Ma based on Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL))
~87,050 years old          
Locality: Krapina, Krapina Village, Croatia

(age between 0.0871 Ma and 0.087 Ma based on 230Th/U date and ESR on teeth\n)
~90,000 years old          
Locality: Bir Sahara, Sahara, Egypt

(age between 0.11 Ma and 0.07 Ma based on TL and optical dates)
~95,000 years old          
Locality: Qafzeh, Southeastern Nazareth, Israel

(age between 0.1 Ma and 0.09 Ma based on TL)
~99,000 years old          
Locality: Blombos M3 level, M3 level, South Africa

(age between 0.104 Ma and 0.094 Ma based on Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL))
~100,000 years old          
Locality: Adrar Bous, Tenere Desert, Niger

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.05 Ma based on Guess based on dated sites that seem to have occurred in the same period of lake formation in the area. H. Gilbert reduced the upper (younger) age by another 25,000 years because the estimate was very crude, and possibly an overestimate.)
~103,500 years old          
Locality: Liujiang, Guangxi, China

(age between 0.139 Ma and 0.068 Ma based on U-series (stratigraphy is contested. see: Brown, P. (2001)))
~105,000 years old          
Locality: Eliye Springs, West Turkana, Kenya, Kenya

(age between 0.2 Ma and 0.01 Ma based on unclear based on morphology of cranium.)
~106,000 years old          
Locality: Moula Guecy, Rhône river valley, France

(age between 0.140 Ma and 0.072 Ma based on Thermoluminescence and biostratigraphy)
~110,000 years old          
Locality: Scladina, Grotte Scladina, Parc National de Furfooz, Meuse Basin, Belgium

(age between 0.160 Ma and 0.060 Ma based on 230Th/U data correlated to the marine oxygen isotopic record and magnetic susceptibility (MS) )
~110,000 years old          
Locality: Bir Tarfawi, Sahara, Egypt

(age between 0.14 Ma and 0.08 Ma based on TL and optical dates)
~110,500 years old          
Locality: Mulan Mountain, Guangxi, China

(age between 0.111 Ma and 0.11 Ma based on U isotope)
~112,500 years old          
Locality: Jebel Faya, ~55 km from both the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf and directly south of the Straits of Hormuz; جبل الفاية , United Arab Emirates

(age between 0.143 Ma and 0.082 Ma based on OSL)
~114,500 years old          
Locality: Xujiayao, Liyigou stream, Sanggan River, near Xujiayao village, Yanggao County, Shanxi Province, China

(age between 0.125 Ma and 0.104 Ma based on Uranium-series on Rhino teeth from the site)
~115,000 years old          
Locality: Dar-es-Soltane, Maghreb region, Morocco

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.08 Ma based on OSL)
~115,000 years old          
Locality: Saccopastore, vallée de l'Anienne (northeast Rome), Italy

(age between 0.13 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on Marine Oxegen Isotope Stage (OIS) correlation)
~115,500 years old          
Locality: Border Cave, Lebombo Mountains, South Africa

(age between 0.17 Ma and 0.061 Ma based on ESR, but some proveniece problems)
~117,000 years old          
Locality: Skhul, ain Ghazal, Israel

(age between 0.134 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on ESR, U-series)
~118,000 years old          
Locality: Sodmein Cave, Red Sea Mountains, Egypt

(age between 0.127 Ma and 0.109 Ma based on Thermoluminescence dating of burned artifacts)
~120,000 years old          
Locality: Haua Fteah, (Great Cave), Libya

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.090 Ma based on TL, OSL, MSA artifacts)
~127,500 years old          
Locality: Stajnia Cave, Grzeda Mirowska, North of the Carpathian Mountains, southern Poland, Poland

(age between 0.175 Ma and 0.08 Ma based on biochronological correlation with OIS 5 or late OIS 6)
~133,000 years old          
Locality: Maba or Mapa, (Mapa), Lion Rock (狮子山), Maba Man Relic Park, Shidushan Hill, Shaokuan Municipality (Chuchiang District), Kwantung Province, Guangdong, China

(age between 0.15 Ma and 0.116 Ma based on U-series)
~142,000 years old          
Locality: Pinnacle Point, Mossel Bay, South Africa

(age between 0.164 Ma and 0.120 Ma based on OSL)
~142,500 years old          
Locality: Narmada, Boulder Conglomerate (Surajkund Formation), Hathnora, Narmada Basin, India

(age between 0.236 Ma and 0.049 Ma based on ESR, U-series, and significant guesswork)
~143,500 years old          
Locality: Einhornhohle, (Unicorn Cave), Scharzfeld, Germany

(age between 0.192 Ma and 0.095 Ma based on 230Th/U)
~145,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Kibish, Kibish Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 0.19 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on K-Ar)
~145,500 years old          
Locality: Singa, Blue Nile basin, Sudan

(age between 0.16 Ma and 0.131 Ma based on ESR, U-series)
~152,000 years old          
Locality: Abdur, Buri peninsula, Danakil depression, Eritrea

(age between 0.186 Ma and 0.118 Ma based on Uranium series)
~152,500 years old          
Locality: Le lazaret, Grotto on southeast base of Mont Boron just above sea level. La lazaret is only about 1km from Terra Amata , Italy

(age between 0.19 Ma and 0.115 Ma based on U-Th:ESR dating applied to red deer enamel)
~157,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Herto Member, Middle Awash area, Bouri Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 0.16 Ma and 0.154 Ma based on K-Ar)
~160,000 years old          
Locality: Jebel Irhoud, near Sidi Moktar, about 100 km west of Marrakesh, Morocco

(age between 0.176 Ma and 0.144 Ma based on U-series/ESR)
~160,500 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 2 (Exc. 2 2a 2b; Exc. 3 2 & 3; Exc. 5 2; Exc 6. 3UP; Exc. 7 Spits), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.234 Ma and 0.087 Ma based on U-series)
~175,000 years old          
Locality: Biache-Saint-Vaast 2, Pas-de-Calais, France

(age between 0.20 Ma and 0.15 Ma based on ESL, TL, biochron? not strong)
~182,000 years old          
Locality: Kalambo Falls Acheulean units, Acheulean units, Zambia, Tanzania

(age between 0.198 Ma and 0.166 Ma based on U-series)
~200,000 years old          
Locality: Pontnnewydd, near Bontnewydd, wales, Great Britain

(age between 0.250 Ma and 0.150 Ma based on Thermoluminescence and Uranium-series)
~205,000 years old          
Locality: Dali, Shaanxi, China

(age between 0.23 Ma and 0.18 Ma based on U-series)
~215,000 years old          
Locality: Becov 1 (Bečov; Beçov), Northwest of Prague in Bohemian Uplands, Czechoslovakia

(age between 0.22 Ma and 0.21 Ma based on Correlation with OIS 7)
~218,500 years old          
Locality: Jinniushan, Danshishan, Liaoning, China

(age between 0.237 Ma and 0.200 Ma based on Uranium-series and electron spin resonance)
~220,500 years old          
Locality: Sambungmachan, Java, Indonesia

(age between 0.401 Ma and 0.04 Ma based on ESR, U-series)
~225,000 years old          
Locality: Cave of Hearths Bed 6-9, Makapansgat, northern Transvaal, South Africa

(age between 0.400 Ma and 0.050 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~225,000 years old          
Locality: Cave of Hearths Bed 5, Makapansgat, northern Transvaal, South Africa

(age between 0.400 Ma and 0.050 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~225,000 years old          
Locality: Cave of Hearths Bed 4, Makapansgat, northern Transvaal, South Africa

(age between 0.400 Ma and 0.050 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~226,000 years old          
Locality: Biache-Saint-Vaast, Pas-de-Calais, France

(age between 0.290 Ma and 0.162 Ma based on TL, ESR, MIS 7 )
~230,500 years old          
Locality: Repolusthohle, Badlgraben, Austria

(age between 0.243 Ma and 0.218 Ma based on 230Th/U)
~237,500 years old          
Locality: Kabwe or Broken Hill, Central Province, Zambia

(age between 0.3 Ma and 0.175 Ma based on unspecified)
~244,000 years old          
Locality: Lake Eyasi, Gregory Rift, Tanzania

(age between 0.4 Ma and 0.088 Ma based on ESR, U-series)
~245,500 years old          
Locality: Gademotta, Lake Ziway area, Ethiopia

(age between 0.298 Ma and 0.193 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~250,000 years old          
Locality: Becov IV (Bečov; Beçov), Northwest of Prague in Bohemian Uplands, Czechoslovakia

(age between 0.26 Ma and 0.24 Ma based on Correlated with middle of OIS 8)
~254,000 years old          
Locality: Florisbad, near Soutpan, South Africa

(age between 0.294 Ma and 0.214 Ma based on ESR on tooth in deposit (is it the same age as the cranium?))
~270,000 years old          
Locality: Petralona, Katsika (Goat) mountain, Halkidiki, Greece

(age between 0.39 Ma and 0.15 Ma based on unspecified (a personal communication cited in Bischoff group paper cited here))
~270,500 years old          
Locality: Ileret (Upper Ileret), Upper Ileret, Lake Turkana area, Kenya

(age between 0.271 Ma and 0.27 Ma based on gamma-ray spectrometry)
~275,000 years old          
Locality: Isamila, Isimila Korongo (original name=Maclennan?s Donga), Tanzania

(age between 0.33 Ma and 0.22 Ma based on U-series)
~275,000 years old          
Locality: Ehringsdorf, Weimar, Germany

(age between 0.35 Ma and 0.2 Ma based on U-series)
~280,000 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 3 (Late Fauresmith: Exc.1 5a 5b; Exc. 2 3 4a-e; Exc. 3 4?6; Exc. 4 4; Exc. 6 3LR 4), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.315 Ma and 0.245 Ma based on U-series)
~280,000 years old          
Locality: Duinefontein, Koeberg Nature Reserve, South Africa

(age between 0.4 Ma and 0.16 Ma based on Biostrat and Uranium-series)
~290,000 years old          
Locality: Steinheim an der Murr, Sigrist gravel pit, North of Stuttgart, Germany

(age between 0.340 Ma and 0.240 Ma based on Biochronology)
~290,000 years old          
Locality: Kathu Pan 1 Stratum 4, Northern Cape, South Africa

(age between 0.334 Ma and 0.246 Ma based on )
~291,000 years old          
Locality: Qesem Cave, RoshHa'ayin, near Tel Aviv, Israel

(age between 0.382 Ma and 0.2 Ma based on U series)
~300,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Upper Chari Member, Koobi Fora Formation (formerly part of the Guomde Formation), East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 0.5 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on Guesswork, but certainly above lower Chari Member, which tops out at 730k. "The stratigraphic revision at Koobi Fora covers only the Omo Group deposits there, but some later deposits do occur in the region. Two hominids, KNM-ER 999 and KNMER 3884, were formerly attributed to the Guomde Formation, most of which has been subsumed into the Chari Member of the Koobi Fora Formation (Brown and Feibel, 1986). These two fossils, however, derive from undifferentiated later deposits, probably in the time span 0.5 to 0.1 my."
-Feibel et al. (2005)
)
~300,000 years old          
Locality: Loyangalani (Kenya), southeastern coast of Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 0.50 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on data unavailable)
~300,000 years old          
Locality: Ngandong, Java, Indonesia

(age between 0.550 Ma and 0.050 Ma based on Biochron, argon argon, and hope)
~305,000 years old          
Locality: Terra Amata, east slope of Mont Boron, about 1km from La Lazaret, Italy

(age between 0.38 Ma and 0.23 Ma based on Thermoluminescence... controversial dates)
~315,000 years old          
Locality: Ngaloba, near Laetoli, Tanzania

(age between 0.5 Ma and 0.13 Ma based on U-Th, Ar-Ar)
~325,000 years old          
Locality: Chongokni, Imjin/Hantan River Basins (IHRB) (other nearby sites include Kumpari, Chuwoli, and Kawoli), South Korea

(age between 0.35 Ma and 0.3 Ma based on Stratigraphic correlation; Potassium-Argon; fission track)
~325,000 years old          
Locality: Castel di Guido, Polledrara di Cecanibbio, Via Aurelia, Rome, Italy

(age between 0.35 Ma and 0.3 Ma based on Biostrat correlation to OIS 9)
~350,000 years old          
Locality: Bodo, Middle Awash area, (upper Middle Pleistocene levels), Ethiopia

(age between 0.5 Ma and 0.2 Ma based on biochron)
~350,000 years old          
Locality: Schoningen, Schöningen, Helmstedt, Germany

(age between 0.400 Ma and 0.3 Ma based on Biostrat, correltion to MIS 9)
~360,000 years old          
Locality: Lainyamok, west of Lake Magadi, Kenya

(age between 0.396 Ma and 0.324 Ma based on K-Ar)
~390,000 years old          
Locality: Sidi Abderrahman, Casablanca; Sidi Abderrahmanne), near Casablanca, Morocco, Morocco

(age between 0.42 Ma and 0.36 Ma based on Although numerous methods have been attempted, damage to site has made it impossible to be sure of a date)
~395,000 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin GnJh-03; GnJh-23; BK63-67; BK8518; KAP-15; KAP-23;, Kapthurin, upper K3 and K4 localities (Trachytic tuff, 'upper' basaltic tuff, MBTU, 'lower' basaltic tuff, upper part of K3 sediments), Kapthurin Formation, Kenya

(age between 0.518 Ma and 0.272 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~395,000 years old          
Locality: Jebel Barakah, coastline between Jebel Dhannah and the Qatar peninsula, Abu Dhabi

(age between 0.780 Ma and 0.010 Ma based on stratigraphic position and geomorphology)
~400,000 years old          
Locality: Visogliano, near Sistiana, Italy

(age between 0.5 Ma and 0.3 Ma based on Electron spin resonance and Uranium series)
~407,500 years old          
Locality: Ceprano, Campogrande, Lazio, Italy

(age between 0.43 Ma and 0.385 Ma based on stratigraphic correlation to dated units)
~409,500 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin GnJh-50; GnJh-41; GnJh-42, Kapthurin, upper K3 and K4 localities (Trachytic tuff, 'upper' basaltic tuff, MBTU, 'lower' basaltic tuff, upper part of K3 sediments), Kapthurin Formation, Kenya

(age between 0.547 Ma and 0.272 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~409,500 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin GnJh-15, Kapthurin, upper K3, just below K4, Kenya

(age between 0.547 Ma and 0.272 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~410,000 years old          
Locality: Longtandong cave, Hexian, Hebei, China

(age between 0.437 Ma and 0.383 Ma based on ESR/U-series)
~422,000 years old          
Locality: Sale, near Douar Caïd bel Aroussi (El Hamra), Morocco

(age between 0.455 Ma and 0.389 Ma based on LU ESR on associated tooth)
~425,000 years old          
Locality: Hoxne, Hoxne Interglacial Type Site, Suffolk, England, Great Britain

(age between 0.5 Ma and 0.35 Ma based on ESR, U-series)
~425,000 years old          
Locality: Beeches Pit , Thetford Forest, Suffolk, England, Great Britain

(age between 0.45 Ma and 0.4 Ma based on Stratigraphic correlation to OIS 11 and OIS 12; Thermoluminescence; Uranium series)
~440,000 years old          
Locality: Swanscombe, Galley Hill, Kent, England, Great Britain

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on unspecified)
~440,000 years old          
Locality: Apidima, Mani, southern Peloponnese, Greece

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on nothing)
~450,000 years old          
Locality: Ambrona, Masegar River, Spain

(age between 0.47 Ma and 0.43 Ma based on U-series and Biochronology correlation with OIS 12)
~450,000 years old          
Locality: Lantian, Chenjiawo, Yehu (near Lantian city), China

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.12 Ma based on Paleomag)
~450,000 years old          
Locality: Saint-Acheul, Amiens (nappe de Freville; nappe de la Garenne; nappe de l'Epinette; Saint-Acheul; Cagny-Cimetiere; Cagny-la Garenne 1; Cagny-la Garenne 2; Cagny-Ferme de l'Epinette; Cagny-l'Epinett ), France

(age between 0.8 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on ESR, U-Series, Paleomag)
~452,500 years old          
Locality: Gona Gawis, Gona, Ethiopia

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.125 Ma based on Gross biochron, nothing official published yet)
~452,500 years old          
Locality: Revadim Quarry, north of Kibbutz Revadim, near Bet Hilqiyya, Israel

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.125 Ma based on Normal geomagnetic polarity)
~452,500 years old          
Locality: Tan Tan, Draa River north of town of Tan Tan (incorrect location decribed by Bednarik, 2003), Morocco

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.125 Ma based on Archaeology)
~453,000 years old          
Locality: Zuttiyeh Cave, Wadi Amud, Hokuk , Israel

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.126 Ma based on unspecified)
~453,000 years old          
Locality: Vaal River Powers site, Power's site and other adjacent localities (Pneil 6, Pneil 7, Riverview Estate, and Canteen Koppie), South Africa

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.126 Ma based on Very rough biochron association with Elandsfontein)
~453,000 years old          
Locality: Doornlaagte, 41 km due west of Kimberley, beside the road to Schmidtsdrif, South Africa

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.126 Ma based on unspecified)
~453,000 years old          
Locality: Altamura, Grotta di Lamalunga, Bari, Apulia, Italy

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.126 Ma based on nothing)
~455,000 years old          
Locality: Ain Maarouf, Ain Maarouf, Morocco

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.13 Ma based on Biochron, paleomag)
~455,000 years old          
Locality: Ternifine or Tighenif, (Tighenif), Algeria

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.13 Ma based on Biochron, paleomag)
~458,000 years old          
Locality: Fontana Ranuccio, Valle del Sacco Liri, Frosinone, Lazio, Anagni Basin, Italy

(age between 0.4637 Ma and 0.4523 Ma based on Potassium-Argon on archaeological levels.)
~465,000 years old          
Locality: Boxgrove, Amey's Eartham Pit, Boxgrove, West Sussex, England, Great Britain

(age between 0.53 Ma and 0.4 Ma based on Biochronological correlation to Oxygen Isotope Stage 13 or Oxygen Isotope Stage I I)
~475,000 years old          
Locality: Arago, eastern Pyrenees, France

(age between 0.6 Ma and 0.35 Ma based on U-series)
~485,000 years old          
Locality: Huludong Cave, Calabash Cave, Tangshan hills, east of Nanjing, China, China

(age between 0.62 Ma and 0.35 Ma based on various)
~493,000 years old          
Locality: Olorgesaille Member 14, Southern Kenya Rift, Kenya

(age between 0.495 Ma and 0.491 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~495,000 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 4 (Middle Fauresmith: Exc. 1 6 7a 7b; Exc. 2 5), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.510 Ma and 0.480 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~500,000 years old          
Locality: Olduvai Gorge Masek Beds, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

(age between 0.57 Ma and 0.43 Ma based on K-Ar)
~500,000 years old          
Locality: Vertesszollos, (Vértesszóllós) Komárom-Esztergom, Hungary

(age between 0.6 Ma and 0.4 Ma based on unspecified)
~500,000 years old          
Locality: Wadi Dagadle, Oued Dagadle, Djibouti

(age between 0.9 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on TL)
~500,000 years old          
Locality: Kocabaş or Kokobash, (Kokobash), Denizli province, western Anatolia, Turkey

(age between 0.515 Ma and 0.485 Ma based on thermoluminesence)
~545,000 years old          
Locality: Ndutu, (Naisiusiu) Olduvai, Tanzania

(age between 0.6 Ma and 0.49 Ma based on Broad bracket from units at Olduvai, correlation with Ngaloba beds (Laetoli) suggest age of about 130k)
~547,500 years old          
Locality: Kathu Pan 1 Stratum 3, Northern Cape, South Africa

(age between 0.680 Ma and 0.415 Ma based on OSL, U-series, ESR)
~547,500 years old          
Locality: Olorgesaille Member 12, Southern Kenya Rift, Kenya

(age between 0.604 Ma and 0.491 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~550,000 years old          
Locality: Yediyapur Locality IV, Baichbal Valley, Gulbargai District of Karnataka, South India, India

(age between 1 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on nothing)
~550,000 years old          
Locality: Menchecourt, Somme Valley, Abbeville, France

(age between 1 Ma and 0.1 Ma based on ESR, U-Series, Paleomag)
~555,000 years old          
Locality: Kapthurin K3; K2; and upper K1, Kapthurin K3, K2, and upper K1, Kapthurin Formation, Kenya

(age between 0.601 Ma and 0.509 Ma based on Ar-Ar (!!base of unit K1 is below 601k Ar-Ar date); Tron & McBrearty, Tephrostratigraphy and the Acheulian to Middle Stone Age transition in the Kapthurin Formation, Kenya, Journal of Human Evolution (2002) 42, 211?235 doi:10.1006/jhev.2001.0513 Available online at http://www.idealibrary.)
~586,000 years old          
Locality: Thomas Quarries Grotte des Rhinocéros, Thomas Quarries, Oulad Hamida Quarry, Casablanca, Morocco

(age between 0.737 Ma and 0.435 Ma based on ESR)
~590,000 years old          
Locality: Cave of Hearths Bed 1-3, Makapansgat, northern Transvaal, South Africa

(age between 0.780 Ma and 0.400 Ma based on ESR on Bed 3 mandible and paleomag)
~600,000 years old          
Locality: Kebibat (Rabat), Mifsud-Giudice Quarry, near Rabat, Morocco

(age between 1 Ma and 0.2 Ma based on U-series, Biochron)
~600,000 years old          
Locality: Bodo, Middle Awash area, (lower Middle Pleistocene levels), Ethiopia

(age between 0.68 Ma and 0.52 Ma based on K-AR)
~609,000 years old          
Locality: Mauer, Heidelberg, Germany

(age between 0.649 Ma and 0.569 Ma based on ombined electron spin resonance/U-series method used with mammal teeth and infrared radiofluorescence applied to sand grains)
~615,000 years old          
Locality: Pakefield, Cromer Forest-bed Formation, England, Great Britain

(age between 0.780 Ma and 0.450 Ma based on Event and lithostratigraphy, palaeomagnetism, amino acid geochronology and biostratigraphy)
~615,500 years old          
Locality: Atapuerca Sima de los Huesos, Atapuerca, Spain

(age between 0.668 Ma and 0.563 Ma based on U series)
~630,000 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 5 (Exc. 1 8a-e), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.480 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~630,000 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 6 (Exc. 1 9a-f), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.480 Ma based on Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~650,000 years old          
Locality: Maayan Barukh, (El Hamari, Hamara) northern Hula Valley between Kibbutz Ma'ayan Barukh and Kfar Yuval, Israel

(age between 0.9 Ma and 0.4 Ma based on BIochron)
~675,000 years old          
Locality: Olduvai Gorge Bed IV, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

(age between 0.78 Ma and 0.57 Ma based on K-Ar)
~700,000 years old          
Locality: Gesher Benot Yaakov, Dead Sea Rift, Israel

(age between 0.8 Ma and 0.6 Ma based on paleomagnetism, biochronology)
~750,000 years old          
Locality: Mount Pua (Mt. Pua), Central Dishon Valley, Upper Galilee, Israel

(age between 1.5 Ma and 0 Ma based on nothing)
~750,000 years old          
Locality: Isenya or Isinya, (Isinya) Athi Plains, Ethiopia

(age between 1 Ma and 0.5 Ma based on Biostrat correlation to Bed IV Olduvai)
~750,050 years old          
Locality: Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

(age between 1.5 Ma and 0.0001 Ma based on archaeology)
~760,000 years old          
Locality: Solana del Zamborino, , Spain

(age between 0.77 Ma and 0.75 Ma based on biochron and paleomag)
~770,000 years old          
Locality: Zhoukoudian Locality 15, Zhoukoudian, China

(age between 0.85 Ma and 0.69 Ma based on 26Al/10Be burial dating)
~775,000 years old          
Locality: Yunxian County, Yunxian site, Hubei province, China

(age between 1 Ma and 0.55 Ma based on ESR and Paleomag.)
~780,050 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 7 (Exc 1 10a 10b), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 0.7801 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on Paleomag; correlation with MIS 19)
~783,500 years old          
Locality: Bose Basin paleolithic sites, Fengshudao; Youjiang River surface collections and excavations: Shangsong; Dongzeng; Hengshandao; Dawan; Shazhou; Yangwu; Cimu; Nanposhan; Jiangfeng and Datong; Bogu; Dafa; Xiaguo; Xiaomei and Nalian; Damei; Laikui; Nayin (cave); Napo; Pinghepo; Sanlei; Xinzhou; Ganlian; Bodu; Gaolingpo; Silin , China

(age between 0.823 Ma and 0.744 Ma based on K-Ar on associated volcanics)
~790,500 years old          
Locality: Melka Kontoure, (Melka Kunture) Gombore II , Garba XIII Acheulean, Ethiopia

(age between 0.885 Ma and 0.696 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~800,000 years old          
Locality: Saldanha, (Elandsfontein, Hopefield), Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 1 Ma and 0.6 Ma based on Biochron)
~818,500 years old          
Locality: Atapuerca Gran Dolina (TD 6 level), Atapuerca, Spain

(age between 0.857 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on U-series, ESR, Biochron, paleomag)
~830,000 years old          
Locality: Swartkrans Member 3, Swartkrans, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa

(age between 1.04 Ma and 0.62 Ma based on U-Pb on teeth)
~840,000 years old          
Locality: Trinil, Bapang Formation, Java, Indonesia

(age between 0.89 Ma and 0.79 Ma based on K-Ar)
~840,000 years old          
Locality: Bapang Formation, Sangiran, Java, Indonesia

(age between 0.89 Ma and 0.79 Ma based on K-Ar)
~885,000 years old          
Locality: Estrecho del Quipar, Cueva Negra de Estrecho del Río Quípar, Spain

(age between 0.99 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on paleomag)
~890,000 years old          
Locality: Evron Quarry, Kibbutz Evron, Israel

(age between 1 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on paleomag)
~890,000 years old          
Locality: Dursunlu, Ilgin, Turkey

(age between 1.0 Ma and 0.780 Ma based on paleomag)
~900,000 years old          
Locality: Makuyuni Upper Manyara Beds, Upper Manyara Beds (Makuyuni Beds), Tanzania

(age between 1.3 Ma and 0.5 Ma based on Biostrat (very rough))
~915,000 years old          
Locality: Isampur, Hunsgi valley (Hunsgi-Baichbal valleys), India

(age between 1.2 Ma and 0.63 Ma based on ESR on teeth.)
~975,000 years old          
Locality: Olduvai Gorge Bed III, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

(age between 1.17 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on K-Ar)
~983,000 years old          
Locality: Olorgesaille Member 1, Southern Kenya Rift, Kenya

(age between 0.992 Ma and 0.974 Ma based on K-Ar)
~989,000 years old          
Locality: Thomas Quarries, Oulad Hamida Quarry, Casablanca, Morocco

(age between 1.197 Ma and 0.781 Ma based on OSL)
~1,000,000 years old          
Locality: Buia, Danikil Depression, Eritrea

(age between 1.1 Ma and 0.9 Ma based on Biochron/ paleomag)
~1,000,000 years old          
Locality: Kedung Brubus, (Kedungbrubus), Kendeng Hills, Java, Indonesia

(age between 1.5 Ma and 0.5 Ma based on Correlation to other sites with better known ages. Dating very imprecise)
~1,000,000 years old          
Locality: Sunjiadong, Luoyang, Luanchuan County, Henan, China, China

(age between 1.8 Ma and 0.2 Ma based on No basis)
~1,019,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Daka Member, Middle Awash area, Bouri Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 1.04 Ma and 0.998 Ma based on K-AR, Paleomag)
~1,020,000 years old          
Locality: Xiaochangliang, Nihewan Basin, China

(age between 1.26 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on Paleomag)
~1,055,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Lower Chari Member, Koobi Fora Formation, East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 1.38 Ma and 0.73 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,075,000 years old          
Locality: Gadeb, southeast rift margin, Upper Webi Shebele Basin , Ethiopia

(age between 1.45 Ma and 0.7 Ma based on Potassium-Argon)
~1,075,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member L, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 1.37 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on K-Ar, paleomag)
~1,090,000 years old          
Locality: Xiaodukou, Nihewan Basin, China

(age between 1.78 Ma and 0.4 Ma based on Paleomag)
~1,100,000 years old          
Locality: Yuanmou, Shangnabang, China

(age between 1.7 Ma and 0.5 Ma based on Biochronology and paleomagnetism)
~1,125,000 years old          
Locality: Makuyuni Lower Manyara Beds, Lower Manyara Beds (Makuyuni Beds), Tanzania

(age between 1.5 Ma and 0.75 Ma based on Biostrat (very rough))
~1,150,000 years old          
Locality: Peninj, Humbu Formation, West Lake Natron, Tanazia

(age between 1.2 Ma and 1.1 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~1,150,000 years old          
Locality: Busidima North and Asbole, Gona, Dikika, Hadar, Ethiopia

(age between 1.4 Ma and 0.9 Ma based on K-Ar, paleomag, and deposition rate estimates)
~1,150,000 years old          
Locality: Atapuerca Sima del Elefante, Atapuerca, Spain

(age between 1.2 Ma and 1.1 Ma based on combination of palaeomagnetism, cosmogenic nuclides and biostratigraphy)
~1,150,500 years old          
Locality: Gongwangling, Gongwang Village, east of Lantian, China

(age between 1.151 Ma and 1.15 Ma based on rough stratigraphic inference mixed with Paleomag)
~1,161,500 years old          
Locality: Donggutuo, Nihewan Basin, China

(age between 1.204 Ma and 1.119 Ma based on Paleomag)
~1,175,000 years old          
Locality: Bapaume , Brittany, France

(age between 0.35 Ma and 2 Ma based on Correlation to OIS stages)
~1,300,000 years old          
Locality: Kilombe, Kilombe Volcano, between Lake Victoria and Nairobi, Kenya

(age between 1.8 Ma and 0.8 Ma based on )
~1,340,000 years old          
Locality: West Turkana upper Natoo Member, Natoo Member (upper), Nachukui Formation, Kenya

(age between 1.38 Ma and 1.3 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,350,000 years old          
Locality: Kanjera, Winam Bay, Lake Vicotria, Near Mount Homa, Kenya

(age between 2.2 Ma and 0.5 Ma based on )
~1,360,000 years old          
Locality: Swartkrans Member 2, Swartkrans, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa

(age between 1.65 Ma and 1.07 Ma based on U-Pb on teeth)
~1,370,000 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 8 (Exc. 1 11), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 1.96 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on Paleomag; Inferred from surrounding dated units)
~1,370,000 years old          
Locality: Wonderwerk Cave; Major Unit 9 (Exc. 1 12a-c), Kuruman Hills, situated between Danielskuil and Kuruman in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 1.96 Ma and 0.78 Ma based on Paleomag and Al-Be radiometric dating)
~1,400,000 years old          
Locality: Perning or Mojokerto, upper Pucangan Formation, Indonesia

(age between 1.8 Ma and 1 Ma based on K-Ar (but not problems with provenience)
~1,405,000 years old          
Locality: Konso Karat Member, Konso-Gardula, Ethiopia

(age between 1.41 Ma and 1.4 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,460,000 years old          
Locality: Olduvai Gorge Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

(age between 1.75 Ma and 1.17 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,460,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member K, Member K, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 1.53 Ma and 1.39 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,470,000 years old          
Locality: West Turkana Nariokotome III Kaitio Member, West Turkana, Kenya

(age between 1.55 Ma and 1.39 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,500,000 years old          
Locality: Ubeidiya, Jordan Valley, Israel

(age between 1.6 Ma and 1.4 Ma based on Biochron)
~1,520,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Okote Member, Koobi Fora Formation, Kenya

(age between 1.53 Ma and 1.51 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,565,000 years old          
Locality: Konso Kayle Member, Konso-Gardula, Ethiopia

(age between 1.72 Ma and 1.41 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,567,000 years old          
Locality: Ileret (KBS Member), KBS Member, Ileret East Turkana, Kenya

(age between 1.607 Ma and 1.527 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~1,615,000 years old          
Locality: Vaal River Rietputs Formation, Rietputs Formation, Windsorton, Northern Cape Province, South Africa

(age between 1.89 Ma and 1.34 Ma based on An absolute dating technique based on the build-up and decay of 26Al and 10Be in the mineral quartz)
~1,625,000 years old          
Locality: Majuangou, (lowest level) Nihewan basin, northern China, China

(age between 1.7 Ma and 1.55 Ma based on Paleomag)
~1,635,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member J, Member J, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 1.74 Ma and 1.53 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,650,000 years old          
Locality: Coopers Cave, Sterkfontein Valley, South Africa

(age between 1.9 Ma and 1.4 Ma based on Biostrat and Uranium-series)
~1,700,000 years old          
Locality: Dmanisi, southwest of Tbilisi eastern Georgia, Georgia

(age between 1.8 Ma and 1.6 Ma based on K-Ar, paleomag)
~1,710,000 years old          
Locality: Chesowanja, Chemoigut Formation, Lake Baringo Area, Kenya

(age between 2 Ma and 1.42 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,725,000 years old          
Locality: Kokiselei Lower Kaitio Member, West Turkana, Kokiselei, Kenya

(age between 1.8 Ma and 1.65 Ma based on K-Ar, paleomag, strat iterp)
~1,745,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora KBS Member, Koobi Fora Formation, East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 1.87 Ma and 1.62 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,750,000 years old          
Locality: Kromdraai, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa

(age between 2 Ma and 1.5 Ma based on Biochron, paleomag, ESR)
~1,765,000 years old          
Locality: Kokiselei KS4, Kokiselei KS4, Nachukui Formation, West Turkana, Kenya

(age between 1.81 Ma and 1.72 Ma based on Linear extrapolation (visual projection) from nearby KBS and Kalochoro tuffs )
~1,785,000 years old          
Locality: Lezignan-le-Cebe, Hérault Valley, France

(age between 2 Ma and 1.57 Ma based on Ar-Ar)
~1,815,000 years old          
Locality: Konso Turuho Member, Konso-Gardula, Ethiopia

(age between 1.91 Ma and 1.72 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,820,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member H, Member H, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 1.9 Ma and 1.74 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,830,000 years old          
Locality: Swartkrans Member 1 (Hanging remnant and Lower Bank), Swartkrans, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa

(age between 2.21 Ma and 1.45 Ma based on U-Pb on teeth)
~1,830,000 years old          
Locality: Drimolen, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa

(age between 2.21 Ma and 1.45 Ma based on Faunal correlation with Swartkrans Member 1)
~1,860,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Area 123, Area 123, Bura Hasuma region, KBS Member or Upper Burgi Member, Koobi Fora Formation, East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 1.94 Ma and 1.78 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,865,000 years old          
Locality: Malapa Cave, Grootvleispruit streambed, South Africa

(age between 1.95 Ma and 1.78 Ma based on U-Pb, Paleomag)
~1,900,000 years old          
Locality: Nyabusosi, Western Rift near Lake Albert, Uganda

(age between 2.3 Ma and 1.5 Ma based on Biostrat correlation to Omo Shungura G, lower hominid-bearing unit unly)
~1,910,000 years old          
Locality: Olduvai Gorge Bed I, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

(age between 2.03 Ma and 1.79 Ma based on K-Ar)
~1,950,000 years old          
Locality: Sterkfontein Member 5, Sterkfontein, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa

(age between 2.5 Ma and 1.4 Ma based on Fauna, artifact content)
~1,955,000 years old          
Locality: Konso Sorobo Member, Konso-Gardula, Ethiopia

(age between 2 Ma and 1.91 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,100,000 years old          
Locality: Ain Hanech, Near town of Lakhdara, Algeria

(age between 2.4 Ma and 1.8 Ma based on Biostratigraphy and paleomag)
~2,105,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member G, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 2.31 Ma and 1.9 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,280,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Burgi Member, Koobi Fora Formation, East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 2.68 Ma and 1.88 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,340,000 years old          
Locality: Lokalalei LA1, Lokalalei, Nachukui Formation, West Turkana, Kenya

(age between 2.39 Ma and 2.29 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,340,000 years old          
Locality: Lokalalei LA2C, Lokalalei, Nachukui Formation, West Turkana, Kenya

(age between 2.39 Ma and 2.29 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,345,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member F, Member F, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 2.36 Ma and 2.33 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,365,000 years old          
Locality: Hadar Busidima- Upper Kadar Hadar Member, Hadar Formation (Busidima Formation), Hadar study area, Ethiopia

(age between 2.4 Ma and 2.33 Ma based on K-Ar, Paleomag)
~2,380,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member E, Member E, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 2.4 Ma and 2.36 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,400,000 years old          
Locality: Chiwondo Beds Uraha, Chiwondo, Malawi

(age between 2.5 Ma and 2.3 Ma based on Biochron)
~2,421,000 years old          
Locality: Chemeron BPRP#2 (EAGRU site JM85), Chemeron Formation, Baringo Hills, Kapthurin River area, Kenya

(age between 2.462 Ma and 2.38 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,460,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member D, Member D, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 2.52 Ma and 2.4 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,475,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Hata Member, Middle Awash area, Bouri Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 2.5 Ma and 2.45 Ma based on K-Ar, paleomag)
~2,480,000 years old          
Locality: Laetoli Garusi Upper Ndolanya Beds, Laetoli, Tanzania

(age between 2.66 Ma and 2.3 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,500,000 years old          
Locality: Taung, Taung, South Africa

(age between 3 Ma and 2 Ma based on Biochron)
~2,500,000 years old          
Locality: Lomekwi 1 Upper Lomekwi Member, West Turkana, Kenya

(age between 2.57 Ma and 2.43 Ma based on K-AR, Paleomag)
~2,565,000 years old          
Locality: Gona Ounda Gona OGS 6, Gona drainage, Awash Basin, Ethiopia

(age between 2.6 Ma and 2.53 Ma based on K-Ar, Paleomag)
~2,685,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member C, Member C, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 2.85 Ma and 2.52 Ma based on K-Ar)
~2,840,000 years old          
Locality: Sterkfontein Member 4, Sterkfontein, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa

(age between 4.18 Ma and 1.5 Ma based on Biochron and Paleomag)
~3,050,000 years old          
Locality: Hadar Lower Kada Hadar Member (KH-BKT2), Hadar Formation, Hadar study area, Ethiopia

(age between 3.2 Ma and 2.9 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,065,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Tulu Bor Member, Koobi Fora Fromation, East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 3.44 Ma and 2.69 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,065,000 years old          
Locality: Sterkfontein Member 2, Sterkfontein, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa

(age between 4.18 Ma and 1.95 Ma based on Biochron and Paleomag)
~3,110,000 years old          
Locality: Makapansgat, Makapan Valley, South Africa

(age between 3.32 Ma and 2.9 Ma based on Faunal correlation, paleomag)
~3,110,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member B, Member B, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 3.37 Ma and 2.85 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,225,000 years old          
Locality: Hadar Denen Dora Member, Hadar Formation, Hadar study area, Ethiopia

(age between 3.25 Ma and 3.2 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,250,000 years old          
Locality: Koro-Toro, (Koro Toro) Djurab Desert, Chad

(age between 3.5 Ma and 3 Ma based on Biochronology)
~3,325,000 years old          
Locality: Hadar-Dikika Basal Member, Dikika, Hadar Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 3.4 Ma and 3.25 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,350,000 years old          
Locality: Hadar Sidi Hakoma Member, Hadar Formation, Hadar study area, Ethiopia

(age between 3.4 Ma and 3.3 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,450,000 years old          
Locality: Omo Member A, Omo Shungura, northern Lake Turkana, Ethiopia

(age between 3.53 Ma and 3.37 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,485,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Lokochot Member, Koobi Fora Formation, East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 3.6 Ma and 3.37 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,500,000 years old          
Locality: locality LO-6N, Lomekwi, Kataboi Member, West Turkana, Nachukui Formation, other platyops specimens (paratype) from lower Lomekwi Member, Kenya

(age between 3.6 Ma and 3.4 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,500,000 years old          
Locality: Galili, Awash Basin, Ethiopia

(age between 4 Ma and 3 Ma based on )
~3,575,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Maka, Middle Awash area, Ethiopia

(age between 3.75 Ma and 3.4 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,600,000 years old          
Locality: Woranso-Mille, Afar Rift, Ethiopia

(age between 3.6 Ma and 3.6 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,680,000 years old          
Locality: Laetoli, Upper Laetolil Beds, Garusi, Tanzania

(age between 3.77 Ma and 3.59 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,745,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Moiti Member, Moiti Member, Koobi Fora Formation, East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 3.97 Ma and 3.52 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,870,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Belohdelie, Middle Awash area, Ethiopia

(age between 3.89 Ma and 3.85 Ma based on K-Ar)
~3,910,000 years old          
Locality: Gona West Margin 5, Gona drainage, Awash Basin, Ethiopia

(age between 4.21 Ma and 3.61 Ma based on K-Ar, paleomag)
~3,943,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Asa Issie- ASI VP 2 & 5, Middle Awash area, Ethiopia

(age between 4.116 Ma and 3.77 Ma based on K-Ar)
~4,120,000 years old          
Locality: Kanapoi, Turkana district south of Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 4.17 Ma and 4.07 Ma based on K-Ar)
~4,160,000 years old          
Locality: Koobi Fora Lonyumun Member, Koobi Fora Formation, East Lake Turkana (Ileret Region), Kenya

(age between 4.32 Ma and 4 Ma based on K-Ar)
~4,215,000 years old          
Locality: Allia Bay Area 261, East Lake Turkana, Kenya

(age between 4.5 Ma and 3.93 Ma based on K-Ar)
~4,400,500 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Aramis Member, Middle Awash area, DABT-GATC localities (ARA 1, 6, 17; KUS 2; SAG 6, 7), Sagantole Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 04.401 Ma and 04.4 Ma based on K-Ar)
~4,445,000 years old          
Locality: Tabarin BPRP K077, Chemeron Formation, Lake Baringo, Tugen Hills, Kenya

(age between 4.48 Ma and 4.41 Ma based on Biochronology, K-AR)
~4,500,000 years old          
Locality: Langebaanweg, Sandveld, near Elandsfontein, South Africa

(age between 5 Ma and 4 Ma based on Rough biochron)
~4,575,000 years old          
Locality: Gona West Margin 3, Gona drainage, Awash Basin, Ethiopia

(age between 4.83 Ma and 4.32 Ma based on K-Ar, paleomag)
~5,365,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Kuseralee Member, Middle Awash area, Sagantole Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 5.55 Ma and 5.18 Ma based on K-Ar)
~5,670,000 years old          
Locality: Middle Awash Western Margin Localities (Saitune Dora VP 1 and 2 & Alayla VP-2, & Asa Koma & Adu Dora & Digiba Dora), Middle Awash area, Adu Asa Formation, Ethiopia

(age between 5.8 Ma and 5.54 Ma based on K-Ar)
~5,820,000 years old          
Locality: Lothagam, West Turkana (WT), Kenya

(age between 7.44 Ma and 4.2 Ma based on K-Ar)
~6,000,000 years old          
Locality: Lukeino Member A Chepboit (locality 2-219 BPRP site #K029), Tugen Hills, Kenya

(age between 6.1 Ma and 5.9 Ma based on K-Ar)
~6,800,000 years old          
Locality: Toros Menalla Anthracotheriid Unit, TM 266, TM 247 and TM 292, Djurab Desert, Toros-Menalla, Chad

(age between 7.2 Ma and 6.4 Ma based on Biochronology)

herc logo
 


 
tool icon legend mode 5 hot sybol hot spot mode 4 hot spot fire hot spot mode 3 hot spot mode 2 hot spot mode 1 hot spot
 
Fossilized.org presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now fossilized.org has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database