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Approximate age:840,000 years old=average of minimum (0.79 Ma) and maximum (0.89 Ma)

Date based on: K-Ar See map of sites with similar ages

Dating reference: Hyodo, M., Matsu'ura, S., Kamishima, Y., Kondo, M., Takeshita, Y., Kitaba, I., et al. High-resolution record of the Matuyama-Brunhes transition constrains the age of Javanese Homo erectus in the Sangiran dome, Indonesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(49), 19563-19568.

Hominids: Homo erectus      


Important specimens: Numerous crania ad partial crania (Sangiran 2, Sangrina 3, Sangiran 10, Sangiran 12, Sangrian 14, Sangiran 17, Sangrian 26, Sangiran 38). Note that there is controversy over the assignment of some hominin fossils to the Bapang Formation. "However, the oldest hominins, in the uppermost levels of the Sangiran Formation, are sandwiched between dated tuffs of 1.58 and 1.66Ma (Swisher et al., 1994; Swisher, 1997). Calvariae Sangiran 4, 27, and 31 as well as Hanoman 1 have been argued to derive from the uppermost Sangiran Formation (Grimaud-Herve and Widianto, 2001; Indriati and Antón, 2008; Widianto et al., 1994) and to differ from the overlying Bapang hominins in their taphonomic preservation (Indriati and Antón, 2008). The overlying Bapang Formation yields a far greater number of hominin calvariae that range in age from 1.0 to 1.58Ma based on 40Ar/39Ar analyses (Antón and Swisher, 2004; Larick et al., 2001; Swisher et al., 1994; Swisher, 1997)." (Indriati, E., & Antón, S. C. The calvaria of Sangiran 38, Sendangbusik, Sangiran Dome, Java. HOMO-Journal of Comparative Human Biology.)

Notes: Map centerpoint is on localities of Bukuran and Sendangbusik. The Sangiran Museum is here Date formerly placed at 1.5-1.02 Ma by Larick, R., R. L. Ciochon, and Y. Zaim. 2001. Early Pleistocene 40Ar/39Ar ages for Bapang Formation hominins, Central Jawa, Indonesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98:4866.

Location: Sangiran, Java, Indonesia
Map location/coordinates reference: Indriati, E., & Antón, S. C. The calvaria of Sangiran 38, Sendangbusik, Sangiran Dome, Java. HOMO-Journal of Comparative Human Biology.

Key references: presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database