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Approximate age:407,500 years old=average of minimum (0.385 Ma) and maximum (0.43 Ma)

Date based on: stratigraphic correlation to dated units See map of sites with similar ages

Dating reference: Manzi, G., Magri, D., Milli, S., Palombo, M. R., Margari, V., Celiberti, V., et al. The new chronology of the Ceprano calvarium (Italy). Journal of human evolution.
Muttoni, G., Scardia, G., Kent, D. V., Swisher, C. C., & Manzi, G. (2009). Pleistocene magnetochronology of early hominin sites at Ceprano and Fontana Ranuccio, Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
previous, much older dates: Manzi, G., Mallegni, F., & Ascenzi, A. (2001). A cranium for the earliest Europeans: phylogenetic position of the hominid from Ceprano, Italy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98(17), 10011.

Hominids: Homo erectus      


Important specimens: Ceprano calvaria

Notes: Specimen retrieved by construction crew from road cut in highway built in the early 1990's (discovery was made by bulldozer crew in March of 1994) through Italian farmland. The Ceprano locality has proven difficult to date. A major provenience revision in Muttoni et al. (2009) changed the date from a mid-Brunhes (~0.9) Ma to ~0.45 Ma. The early date is very commonly cited. The biggest obstacle is correlating the hominin-bearing unit to dated units from established local sections. No archaeology found with specimen, but some found in adjacent deposits

Location: Campogrande, Lazio, Italy
Map location/coordinates reference: Manzi, G., Magri, D., Milli, S., Palombo, M. R., Margari, V., Celiberti, V., et al. The new chronology of the Ceprano calvarium (Italy). Journal of human evolution. Coordinates listed in the following are displaced approximately 300 meters: Mallegni, F., Carnieri, E., Bisconti, M., Tartarelli, G., Ricci, S., Biddittu, I., et al. (2003). Homo cepranensis sp. nov. and the evolution of African-European Middle Pleistocene hominids. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 2(2), 153-159.

Key references: presents precise geographic locations and current best date estimates for late Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sites with human ancestor (hominin) fossils and archaeology. Several interactive visual interfaces allow users to generate maps and tables that relate localities, fossils, tools, and evolutioanry events with geography and time. The data content is dynamic and is updated daily, as are new interface features. This site started as a course syllabus for Anthropology 3101: Human Evolution 2 at California State University, East Bay, and grew with each quarter it was used. Now has over 200 sites and hundreds of bibliographic citations. Check back often for updates. human evolution database paleoanthropology biological anthropology database physical anthropology human origins coordinates site locations location latitude longitude age Pleistocene database Quaternary database Pliocene Holocene evolutionary history site database geochronology hominin hominidae hominid hominini acheulean oldowan middle stone age mousterian paleolithic late stone age neolithic hominin database hominin DB hominin darabase hominin dayabase hominin datavase hominid darabase hominid dayabase hominid datavase hominid database hominid fossil database human origins database hominin database hominin fossil database hominid skull human ancestor database fossil human ancestors best paleoanthropology site best paleoanthropology database best hominin database best hominid database hominin site database hominid site database coordinates map hominid site map hominin site map paleoanthropology site coordinates human evolution database human origins database fossil record database